Like people, pets need vaccines. Pet vaccines, such as those for humans, may sometimes require strengthening to maintain their effectiveness. The best way to stay on schedule with vaccinations for your dog or cat is to follow the recommendations of a veterinarian you trust.


Opportunities are suggestions Your veterinarian will be divided into two categories: primary pet vaccines and non-essential vaccines. Basic pet vaccinations are recommended for each pet, while non-essential vaccines may be recommended based on your pet's lifestyle. For example, your veterinarian may suggest some non-essential vaccines if your cat or dog is only outdoors or up frequently.

Many vaccinations can be given to a 6-week-old pet. Talk to your veterinarian about the best vaccination schedule for your cat, dog, kitten or puppy.


Vaccination schedule for dogs: basic and non-essential vaccines


Dog Vaccine
Initial Puppy Vaccination (at or under 16 weeks)
Initial Adult Dog Vaccination (over 16 weeks)
Booster Recommendation
Comments
Rabies 1-year
Can be administered in one dose, as early as 3 months of age. States regulate the age at which it is first administered.
Single dose
Annual boosters are required.
Core dog vaccine. Rabies is 100% fatal to dogs, with no treatment available. Prevention is key.
Rabies 3-year
Can be administered as one dose, as early as 3 months of age. States regulate the age at which it is first administered.
Single dose
A second vaccination is recommended after 1 year, then boosters every 3 years.
Core dog vaccine.
Distemper
At least 3 doses, given between 6 and 16 weeks of age
2 doses, given 3-4 weeks apart
Puppies need a booster 1 year after completing their initial series, then all dogs need a booster every 3 years or more often.
Core dog vaccine.Caused by an airborne virus, distemper is a severe disease that, among other problems, may cause permanent brain damage.
Parvovirus
At least 3 doses, given between 6 and 16 weeks of age
2 doses, 3-4 weeks apart
Puppies need a booster 1 year after completing the initial series, then all dogs need a booster every 3 years or more often.
Core dog vaccine.Canine "parvo" is contagious, and can cause severe vomiting and bloody diarrhea. Parvo is usually fatal if untreated.
Adenovirus,  type 1 (CAV-1, canine hepatitis)
At least 3 doses, between 6 and 16 weeks of age
2 doses, 3-4 weeks apart
Puppies need a booster 1 year after completing the initial series, then all dogs need a booster every 3 years or more often.
Core dog vaccine.Spread via infected urine and feces; canine hepatitis can lead to severe liver damage, and death.
Adenovirus, type 2 (CAV-2, kennel cough)At least 3 doses, between 6 and 16 weeks of age 2 doses, 3-4 weeks apartPuppies need a booster 1 year after completing the initial series, then all dogs need a booster every 3 years or more often.Core dog vaccine. Spread via coughs and sneezes.
Parainfluenza
Administered at 6-8 weeks of age, then every 3-4 weeks until 12-14 weeks old
1 dose
A booster may be necessary after 1 year, depending on manufacturer recommendations; revaccination every 3 years is considered protective.
Non-core dog vaccine.Parainfluenza infection (not the same as canine influenza) results in cough, fever. It may be associated with Bordetella infection.
Bordetella bronchiseptica (kennel cough)
Depends on the vaccine type; 2 doses are usually needed for protection
1 dose of the intranasal or oral product, or 2 doses of the injected product
Annual or 6-month boosters may be recommended for dogs in high-risk environments.
Non-core dog vaccine.Not usually a serious condition, although it can be dangerous in young puppies. It is usually seen after activities like boarding or showing.
Lyme disease
1 dose, administered as early as 9 weeks, with a second dose 2-4 weeks later
2 doses, 2-4 weeks apart
May be needed annually, prior to the start of tick season
Non-core dog vaccine.Generally recommended only for dogs with a high risk for exposure to Lyme disease-carrying ticks.
Leptospirosis
First dose as early as 8 weeks, with a second dose 2-4 weeks later
2 doses, 2-4 weeks apart
At least once yearly for dogs in high-risk areas
Non-core dog vaccine.Vaccination is generally restricted to established risk areas. Exposure to rodents and standing water can lead to a leptospirosis infection.
Canine influenza
First dose as early as 6-8 weeks; second dose 2-4 weeks later
2 doses, 2-4 weeks apart
Yearly
Non-core dog vaccine. 
Similar to bordetella.

Vaccination schedule for cats: basic and non-essential vaccines





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