Gingivitis, also known as periodontal disease or periodontal disease, begins with bacterial growth in the mouth and may end up - if not properly treated - with tooth loss caused by the destruction of surrounding tissue.

What is the difference between gingivitis and gingivitis?
Gingivitis (gingivitis) is usually preceded by gingivitis (periodontal disease). However, it is important to know that not all gingivitis develops into ageitis.

In the early stage of gingivitis, the bacteria accumulate in the plaques, leading to inflammation of the gums and bleeding easily during brushing. Although the gums may be irritating, only the teeth are still firmly implanted in their sockets. There are no irreversible bones or other tissue damage at this stage.

When gum inflammation leaves untreated, it can progress to gingivitis. In a person with gingivitis, the inner layer of the gums and bones moves away from the teeth and sinuses. These small spaces between teeth and gums collect debris and can become infected. The body's immune system fights bacteria with plaque spread and grows under the gum line.

Toxins or toxins - produced by bacteria in plaque, as well as "good" enzymes in the body involved in the fight against infection - begin to break down the bone and connective tissue that stabilizes the teeth in place. As the disease progresses, the sinuses are deepened and more tissue and gum tissue are destroyed. When this occurs, the teeth are no longer firmly in place, become loose, and tooth loss occurs. Gum disease is the leading cause of tooth loss in adults.

What causes gum disease?

Plaque is the leading cause of periodontal disease. However, other factors can contribute to gum disease. These include:

  • Hormonal changes, such as those occurring during pregnancy, puberty, menopause, and menstrual menstruation, make the gums more sensitive, making it easier for gingivitis to develop.

  • Diseases may affect your condition. This includes diseases such as cancer or HIV that interfere with the immune system. Because diabetes affects the ability of the body to use sugar in the blood, patients with this disease are more susceptible to infection, including diseases of the gums and cavities.

  • Drugs can affect oral health, because some reduce the flow of saliva, which has a protective effect on teeth and gums. Some medications, such as Dilantin, antidepressant and antagonist Procardia and Adalat, can cause abnormal growth of gum tissue.

  • Bad habits such as smoking make it difficult for the gum tissue to repair itself.

  • Bad habits in oral hygiene such as not brushing and flossing on a daily basis makes it easy for gingivitis to develop.

  • Family history of dental disease can be a contributing factor to gingivitis.

What are the symptoms of gum disease?

Gum disease may develop painlessly, resulting in few clear signs, even in later stages of the disease. Although the symptoms of gum disease are often subtle, the condition is not free from any warning signs. Some symptoms may indicate a form of disease. Symptoms of gum disease include:

  • Gums that bleed during and after cleaning the teeth

  • Red or swollen or moth

  • Persistent bad breath or bad taste in the mouth

  • Gingival of the gums

  • Forming deep pockets between teeth and gums

  • Loose or mutated teeth

  • Changes in the way teeth fit together when bitten, or in a partial denture.

So if you do not notice any symptoms, you may still have some degree of periodontal disease. In some people, gum disease may affect only some teeth, such as molars. A dentist or gum specialist can only identify and determine the development of gum disease.

How Does a Dental Specialist Diagnose Gum Disease?

During dental examination, the dentist usually checks these things:

  • Gingival bleeding, swelling, firmness and depth of the sinus (the distance between the gums and the tooth, the larger and deeper the sinus, the more severe the disease)

  • Dental movement, sensitivity and alignment of appropriate teeth

  • Jawbone to help detect the breakdown of bones around your teeth

How is gum disease treated?

The goals of treating gingivitis are to re-connect the healthy gums to the teeth; reduce swelling, depth of the sinuses, and the risk of infection; and stop the development of the disease. Treatment options depend on the stage of the disease, how you have responded to your previous treatments, and your overall health. Options range from non-surgical treatments that control bacterial growth to surgery to restore supportive tissue. A full description of the various treatment options is provided in the treatment of periodontal disease.

How can gum disease be prevented?

Gingivitis can be reversed and the development of gum disease can be stopped in almost all cases when exercising plaque control. Proper control of plaques consists of professional cleaning at least twice a year, brushing and flossing daily. Cleaning the brush removes plaque from the tooth surfaces that are accessible; the thread removes food particles and plaque from between the teeth and under the gum line. Reduces oral rinsing of bacteria from bacteria causing plaque and gum disease, according to the American Dental Association.

Other changes in health and lifestyle that will reduce the risk, severity and rapid development of gum disease:

  • stop smoking. Tobacco use is a major risk factor for the development of gingivitis. Smokers are more likely to develop gum disease than non-smokers, and smoking can reduce the chances of success of some treatments.

  • Reduce stress. Stress may make it difficult for your body's immune system to fight infection.

  • Maintain a balanced diet. Proper nutrition helps the immune system fight infection. Eat foods that contain antioxidant properties - for example, those containing vitamin E (vegetable oils, nuts, green leafy vegetables) and vitamin C (citrus, cauliflower, potatoes) - can help your body repair damaged tissue.

  • Avoid melting and grinding teeth. These procedures can place excessive force on the supporting tissues of the teeth and can increase the rate of destruction of these tissues.

Despite good oral hygiene practices and other healthy options, the American Academy of Gum and Surgery says up to 30% of Americans may be genetically susceptible to periodontal disease. And those who have genetic predisposition may be up to six times the possibility of developing certain gum disease. If anyone in your family has gum disease, it means that you are at greater risk as well. If you are more prone to gum disease, your dentist or dental specialist may recommend more frequent checkups, cleaning, and treatments to better manage your condition.

Is gum disease associated with other health problems?

According to the Centers for Disease Control, the researchers found possible links between periodontal disease and other serious health conditions. In people with healthy immune systems, bacteria in the mouth that make their way into the bloodstream are usually harmless. But under certain conditions, these microorganisms are associated with health problems such as stroke and heart disease. Diabetes is not only a risk factor for gum disease, but periodontal disease may make diabetes worse.


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