Overview

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a brain disorder characterized by a continuous pattern of inattention and / or hyperactivity - a rush that interferes with performance or development.

  • Inattention means that a person walks around the task, lacks perseverance, has difficulty maintaining concentration, and is unorganized. These problems are not due to prejudices or misunderstandings.


  • Excessive activity means that a person is constantly moving, including in situations where it is inappropriate; excessive interference, taps or conversations. In adults, extreme anxiety or wearing of others may be with constant activity.


  • "Rush" means that a person is acting in a hasty manner that occurs at the moment without first thinking about it and may have a high risk of harm; or the desire to receive immediate rewards or inability to delay gratification. A reckless person may be socially parasitic, excessively boycotted or make important decisions without looking at long-term consequences.

Signs and symptoms

Inattention and hyperactivity / impulse are the main behaviors of ADHD. Some people with ADHD only suffer from behavior problems, while others suffer from lack of attention and hyperactivity. Most children also have a common type of ADHD.

In preschool, the most common symptoms of ADHD are hyperactivity.

It is normal to have some inattention, unmanaged locomotion and impulse, but for people with ADHD, these behaviors:

  • More severe

  • Often occur

  • Interfere with or reduce the quality of the way they work socially, at school, or in a job
negligence

People with attention deficit symptoms may often:

  • Look for the details of your miss or miss, and make mistakes in school work, at work, or during other activities

  • Encountered problems maintaining interest in tasks or play, including conversations, lectures or lengthy reading

  • Does not seem to listen when you speak directly

  • Do not follow the instructions and fail to finish school work, tasks or tasks at the workplace or start tasks but quickly lose concentration and move easily

  • Trouble organizing tasks and activities, such as what to do in sequence, keeping materials and collectibles in order, doing chaotic work, managing bad time, failing to meet deadlines

  • Avoid or dislike tasks that require continuous mental effort, such as schoolwork or homework, or for adolescents and the elderly, reporting, completing forms or reviewing long papers

  • Dispose of things necessary for tasks or activities, such as school supplies, pencils, books, tools, purses, keys, papers, glasses and mobile phones

  • Your thoughts can easily be distracted by unrelated ideas or stimuli

  • Be naïve in everyday activities, such as housework, errands, answering calls, and keeping appointments
Hyperactivity and impulsivity

People with symptoms of hyperactivity and dizziness may often be:

  • Vedget and spasm in their seats

  • Leave their seats in positions where they are expected to stay seated in the classroom or in the office

  • Run, circumvent or climb in situations where you are not suitable or, in adolescents and adults, often feel anxious

  • Unable to play or engage in hobbies quietly

  • Be constantly moving or "on the go" or act as if driven by a motor

  • Speak nonstop

  • Cancel an answer before the question is completed, end the sentences of others, or talk without waiting for a conversation

  • He had difficulty waiting for his turn

  • Interrupts or interferes with others, for example in conversations, games, or activities

The diagnosis of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder requires a comprehensive assessment by a licensed doctor, such as a pediatrician, psychiatrist, or psychiatrist who has experience with ADHD. For a person to receive Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder diagnosis, the symptoms of attention deficit and / or hyperactivity - the impulse must be chronic or long lasting, impair the person's performance, and cause the person to lag behind the normal growth of his age. The doctor will also ensure that any symptoms of ADHD are not due to another medical or psychiatric condition. Most children with ADHD receive a diagnosis during their primary school years. For a teenager or adult to receive ADHD diagnosis, symptoms must be present before the age of 12.


Early ADHD symptoms can occur between ages 3 and 6 and can persist during adolescence and puberty. The symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder may be wrong for emotional or disciplinary problems or are completely absent in calm, well behaved children, leading to delayed diagnosis. Adults with ADHD may have a history of poor academic performance, work problems, or difficult or failed relationships.

Symptoms of ADHD can change over time over time. In young children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, hyperactivity is the most common symptom. When the child reaches primary school, the symptoms of attentionlessness may become more prominent and the child becomes academically struggling. In adolescence, hyperactivity appears to decrease and may often appear as a feeling of insomnia, but there may still be lack of attention and impulse. Many adolescents with ADHD also suffer from anti-social relationships and behaviors. Nausea and dizziness often persists into adulthood.

Risk Factors


Scientists are not sure what causes ADHD. Like many other diseases, a number of factors can contribute to ADHD, such as:

  • Genes

  • Smoking cigarettes, alcohol or drug use during pregnancy

  • Exposure to environmental toxins during pregnancy

  • Exposure to environmental toxins, such as high levels of lead, at an early age

  • Low birth weight

  • Brain Injuries

ADHD is more common among males than females, and female ADHD is more likely to have problems primarily with attention deficit. Other conditions, such as learning difficulties, anxiety disorder, behavior disorder, depression, and drug abuse, are common in people with ADHD.


Treatment and Therapies

While there is no cure for ADHD, currently available treatments can help reduce symptoms and improve performance. Treatments include medication, psychotherapy, education, training, or a range of treatments.


Medication

For many people, ADHD drugs reduce hyperactivity and impulsivity and improve their ability to focus, work, and learn. Medication may also improve physical coordination. Sometimes, you should try several different medications or doses before finding the right treatment for a particular person. Any person who is taking medication should be closely monitored carefully by the doctor who describes it.

Steroids. The most common type of medication used to treat Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is known as the "alarm clock". Although it may seem unusual to treat ADHD with stimulant drugs, it works because it increases the chemicals in the brain dopamine and noradrenaline, which play key roles in thinking and attention.

Under medical supervision, stimulants are safe. However, there are risks and side effects, especially when misused or taken over the prescribed dosage. For example, steroids can raise blood pressure, heart rate and increase anxiety. Therefore, a person suffering from other health problems, including high blood pressure, seizures, heart disease, glaucoma, liver, kidney disease or anxiety disorder, should tell their doctor before taking doping.

Talk to a doctor if you see any of these side effects while taking steroids:


  • Lack of appetite

  • Sleep problems

  • Tics (repetitive movements or sounds);

  • Personal changes

  • Increase anxiety and irritability

  • stomach pain

  • Headaches




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